Diamond cut Diamond--Ultra-Vival

Rei Morishita from Japan: Environmentalist, poet, essayist. Everything, various things will be taken up. Originally, it was a blog about disasters, and expanded to say romance, for example, is a kind of disaster because it is a problem of one’s survival.

World-historically important era: with private and arbitrary selection criteria.

World-historically important era: with private and arbitrary selection criteria.

Since world history is woven by the myriad of nations and regions on the planet, it is generally difficult to tell whether any year is important (whatever is important). I would like to bend that point and arbitrarily list the six eras to reveal my bias in thinking. (Oldest first)

@ 751: "Battle of Talas". Many people don't remember this, but I think it was covered in high school world history textbooks. It was a great war in Kyrgyzstan, Central Asia, where the Tang and Islamic empires, the great powers of the time, and now China and the United States fought over control of the region. In the battle itself, the Karluks betrayed against Tang, and Tang was defeated, making it impossible to move further west. ... But this is not important. In this battle, the Islamic Empire captured some technical craftsmen. It was the craftsmen of the paper industry. Nowadays, paper is not as good as electronic recording as an information medium, but the paper invented by Cai Lun in 64 AD has been the king of information media for many years. And in this battle, the Islamic empire acquired paper technology and developed civilization. And what was passed on to Europe via the Iberian Peninsula! It was the 12th century. Then the savage Europeans were, lately, led to the flowering of civilization by the power of paper.


Making postcards with Japanese paper (by Rei Morishita)

@ 1215: "Magna Carta" is enforced. This protects the rights of the lords, who were famous for their mismanagement in England due to John the Lackland (for example, they lost their land every time they went to war). Certificate. You have robbed the king of some of his rights, haven't you? And this age is old. It is 574 years older than the 1789 of the French Revolution. This legal text is still legally valid (customary law). It was proof that Britain would become the hegemonic nation of the largest territory in history. I can't think of any Japanese trying to deprive the country of the highest powers. I think this is the reason why Japan cannot become a land of democracy like Britain. We, Japanese just only imitated the shape. The spirit is not inherited. "Painted rice cake" and "Oval for cats" (Japanese proverbs)

@ 1492: Columbus discovers the Americas. To be exact, it was the discovery of the West Indies Islands, but since the continent will also be discovered later, this discovery is the beginning. Spain and Portugal are one step away from the medieval stagnation until then. Europe has developed in a rude way to the former inhabitants of the so-called New World. Europe won overwhelmingly because of the "civilization clash".

@ 1769: The year Watt obtained a patent for a steam engine. (The first year of the Industrial Revolution) The Industrial Revolution has a greater world historical significance than the French Revolution mentioned earlier. The French Revolution, which proclaimed "freedom, equality, and philanthropy," was energized by madness, created a state of chaos, and finally created a stronger emperor system than the royal government. (Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte) Why did Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette be sentenced to guillotine? (For more information on the madness of the French Revolution, see Anatole France's “The Gods Are Thirsty (Les dieux ont soif) “Whether in 1215 or 1769, Britain is a better country than France. Well, I think France has been following Britain. (However, I also like France too.)

The other two are the most recent ages.

@ 2001: Simultaneous terrorist attacks. This is a traditional and contemporary "civilization clash" between Europe (Christianity) and Arab (Islam) in world history. Generally, both camps have been hostile since the time of the Crusades. When the degree of development of civilization is large and biased toward Europe, I do not think of my own life of hijacking the "civilization's advantage: airplane" made by Europe and assaulting the "civilization's advantage: skyscraper". Hijackers. I have no words.

@ 2020: A pandemic of the new coronavirus of Chinese origin. This doesn't need any explanation, but it seems that it's time to review and revise traditional civilization.

A word of the day: Two times in China, two times in England, and two times in Islam have appeared in these six generations. Europe (comprehensive region) 3 times. Looking at this, I make a private and arbitrary analysis that Britain, China, and Islam will be the most important nations and regions in the history of the world. Oh yeah, as an extra edition, the Russian Revolution of 1917. A tragicomedy in which the Russian people were ignorant, but even democracy passed and tyrannical communism arose. I can't say anything, the Russian people are pathetic. Negative event.

@A poetry dedicated to UK (The Democracy)

Democracy is a strategic political system.
And officials have a duty of confidentiality.
However, if necessary, provide information
There is also an obligation to disclose.
What is that Japanese national tax, Sagawa?
He deserves imprisonment or death penalty.


Updated once a week on Wednesday or Thursday.

In Japanese, original






@1215年:「マグナ・カルタ」施行。これはイギリス(イングランド)において(戦争するごとに、国土を失うなど)失政で有名だった、「ジョン欠地王:John the lackland 」に諸侯がにじり寄り、認めさせた、諸侯の権利を保護する証書。国王から、権利の一部を奪い取ったのですね。そしてこの年代が古い。フランス革命の1789年より574年も古い。この法文は、今でも法的に有効です(慣習法)。イギリスが、歴史上最大版図の覇権国家になる証明でした。日本人なんか、国の最高権力者から、権利を奪おうとなんて、思いも付きますまい。これこそ、日本がイギリスのような民主主義国家になれない理由だと思います。あくまで、形を真似しただけ。精神は受け継いでないのです。「絵に描いた餅」・「猫に小判」。







詩1編:民主主義 (イギリスに捧げる)




タグ  イギリス 中国 イスラム キリスト教

Free-form haiku:2 big haiku poets(Santoka &Hosai):2Blogs set

Free-form haiku:2 big haiku poets(Santoka &Hosai):2Blogs set

Wandering poet: Taneda Santoka(山頭火 種田)

"Even if walk forward , even if walk forward, I confront the blue mountain"


Known for his haiku, "Taneda Santoka" was a leader in the movement aimed at more free writing by abolishing the basic forms of 5, 7, and 5 and seasonal words in haiku. he is a Disciple of Ogiwara Seisensui, who was also a wandering haiku poet,like Ozaki Hosai. Now that I have the "Santoka Taneda haiku Complete Works " (Mamoru Murakami: Chikuma Bunko), I have it. I will pick up a remarkable phrase.

"I pike the last snowy cloud" (44P)

"I walk Buttercup, I sit Buttercup" (54 pages)

He often read in natural objects that I encountered during my trip.

"I am a blind to bear the burden" (97P)

"There are things that can't let the clouds fall in a well" (135P)

The phrases around here are meaningful. The fact that Taneda Santoka (real name: Shoichi)'s mother, who was born in Yamaguchi Prefecture, jumped into a well at her home and committed suicide when he was 10 years old, which was a source of deep lifelong anxiety for him. there is. And the very affection for her mother is repeatedly sung.

"Offering udon, mother, I will also have it" (193P, 47th anniversary of his mother’s death)
"Dandelion disperse in the house where Mother was dead" (260P, Mother's 49th Anniversary of

And perhaps about his father who killed her mother by flirtation

"I won't have a father who has a habit of becoming more and more similar" (260P)

When I think about it, he dropped out of Waseda University, took over the family business, but went bankrupt, left his wife and children to go home, and went on a nationwide pilgrimage ... or rather, he who messed up his life. It seems that there were two wishes. One of them was "leaving a phrase that only he can write", and the other was "rolling out".

In fact, it seems that the two wishes have been fulfilled. This is because there is a collection of haiku that I can unravel, and the person himself "suddenly" due to drinking too much alcohol. I (Rei Morishita) have lost my mother like Santoka, so I feel close to Santoka. My mother came from Osaka to D prefecture in northern Kanto, where the climate is harsh, as the wife of a company factory manager, and became manic-depressive. She woke up and was forced to be admitted to a mental hospital, and she ended her ephemeral life in 1986 after my graduating from college. It's a slow suicide.

A word of the day: I read the phrase "Even if walk forward , even if walk forward, I confront the blue mountain"which says, "I haven't reached the point of" enlightenment "yet." If you find blue, you don't have to climb any more at that point. That is the goal. However, Santoka, who was more troublesome than others, will follow a more rugged path. For her mother and her requires cats. His essay, which is published at the same time, is a good source of information that traces the trajectory of his heart.



(In Japanese)

If you listen to the questions and answers of the Zen priest Baso and his disciple Hyakujo, Santoka shouldn't have to worry anymore. When asked "Where is the flying duck going?" And answered "Over there," Baso pinches his nose. Hyakujo shouts, "Oh, that's a pain." Baso said, "You wouldn't go anywhere." Through this exchange, Hyakujo realized. If you apply the relationship between duck and Hyakujo to Santoka, you will look a relationship between blue mountain and Santoka. The way of holding the heart is different between the two. Will you settle down or will you not stop walking yet? In his case, he seems to be stepping on the verge of enlightenment. On the contrary, from my point of view, "Blue Mountain" can be used as an explanation of the anecdote of Hyakujo.

There is a work in the manga called "Straight Road and Lonely-Taneda Santoka Gaiden", drawn by Takashi Iwashige. Kodansha: Morning KC, 5 volumes in total.

"The sea is dark: Hosai Ozaki (放哉 尾崎)’s the last 8 months

I read "The sea is dark" by Akira Yoshimura. This novel is about the last eight months of Shodoshima by Ozaki Hosai, a poet who lived in the Meiji and Taisho eras.

Ozaki Hosai showed his talent for haiku, but after graduating from the Faculty of Law, Tokyo Imperial University, he became the contract manager of the Tokyo head office of the Toyo Life Insurance Company. But he has a bad habit of drinking, and if he drinks deeply from the morning, he relentlessly entangles with the other person at the liquor table, and he gets fired from the company. And he makes the same mistake at the Taiyo Life Insurance Company that was picked up and gets fired. He broke up with his beloved wife, Kaoru, and sought a lonely hermit home. So he arrived at Shodoshima in the Seto Inland Sea.

Ozaki Hosai's drinking habit was not a body of drinking and violent, but a drunkenness that relentlessly questioned the other party and cursed him. And this was a "virtue" that he admitted.

It may be that there is an affinity that "haiku companions" have, but for Ozaki Hosai, it was “Ogiwara Seisensui:荻原井泉水”, who was also a teacher, who searched for Shodoshima. Inoue Ichiji, who accepted me, was also a member of the free-form haiku magazine "Soun:層雲", which seisensui presided over. Free-form haiku is a haiku that was first proposed by” KawahigashiHekigodou::河東碧梧桐”,such as "No season words, regardless of the standard of 5.7.5."

@I've come this far and wrote a sudden letter

This is a phrase he wrote when Ozaki Hosai arrived on the island. It's a translative phrase, isn't it?

By the way, Ozaki Hosai had a chronic illness that could lead to death. It is a lung disease (tuberculosis) that was more feared than cancer at that time. He was considerably worse when he came to the island. He doesn't have the physical strength to work to feed himself ... So he couldn't help but give the people around him and his friends the innocence of goods and money.

The hermitage has also been decided. It was habitant of Saikou-ji Temple. It was due to the favor of the priest.

Ozaki Hosai, who was nervous, doubts the good intentions of their supporters for a while, but after a while he realizes that it is due to his own grief, and after that he does not doubt their good intentions.

In such an environment, Ozaki Hosai has created a phrase which can be called his masterpiece.

@ Even if I cough, I am alone

@ Go around the back of the grave

@ What a round moon has come out window

Especially, the phrase "cough" is amazing. Hosai Ozaki felt like he had no connection with his relatives, and he refused to contact his relatives even if he died. He's so scared that he wants to scream that there's no one around him. It is skillfully expressed. However, there was an aunt named Shige who took good care of her surroundings.

When he first arrived on the island, he usually ate "flour kneaded with water" and umeboshi, so his physical strength was visibly weakened. Shige also gives in nourishing foods such as meat and eggs, but gradually his body eats only porridge, alternating between diarrhea and severe constipation.

He had been constipated for four days, but he ate red rice and soup powder, which made him so hungry that he couldn't get stools when he crawls into the yard and tries hard. Eventually, his intestines came out of his anus, and when he tried to push it back with paper, he couldn't get in and blood began to flow. He took a laxative, sushi salt, and slumped and moaned on his futon. Cold sweat was flowing all over his body, and he was holding his futon firmly.

What's more, perhaps because of his laryngeal tuberculosis, even the porridge can't go through his throat ... he can't even stand up. he can't make a decent voice. He will die. He was 42 years old. Former wife :Kaoru came to take care of his death. It was the 15th year of the Taisho era.

Currently in Saikou-ji Temple

@There is nothing to put in. Receive with both hands

It seems that there is a monument that will be written by Seisensui.

A word of the day: Mr. Akira Yoshimura also had an experience of suffering from tuberculosis, and he felt that he was motivated to write a biography of Ozaki Hosai. If you have any symptoms, it will be tough, tuberculosis ,isn’t it?

Book I read: "The sea is dark" Akira Yoshimura: Kodansha: 1980 First Edition

Updated once a week on Wednesday or Thursday.

In Japanese, original

























@咳をしても ひとり

@墓のうらに 廻る

@ なんと丸い月が出たよ 窓





@いれものがない 両手でうける




タグ:自由律俳句  社会不適応 芸術  種田山頭火 尾崎放哉

Various faces of mushrooms: important creatures for the earth

Various faces of mushrooms: important creatures for the earth

Mushrooms and molds are almost identical creatures, neither plants nor animals. Mushrooms are the ones that open the umbrella, and molds are the ones that are not made. About mushrooms from wiki:

Mushrooms (mushrooms, fungi, buds, mushrooms) are a common name for a relatively large (often protruding) fruiting body or basidiomycete itself among specific fungi (Fungi). Also, the word mushroom is often treated as a general term for specific fungi, but it is originally a structure as described above, not a classification of fungi. Fungi that do not produce fruiting bodies are molds. It is clearly different from plants. There is no clear standard for "large size" here, but mushrooms are often called mushrooms that are large enough to be seen with the naked eye. Some species are toxic, although they are also used for food and psychological effects. Etymologically, it can be analyzed as "tree + + child"(inJapanese). Many fungi with fruiting bodies of visible size belong to the basidiomycota Basidiomycota or the Ascomycota ascomycota. In Japan, about 300 species are edible, of which more than a dozen are artificially cultivated with mushrooms. It is said that there are about 2,500 known species and about two to three times as many unknown species in Japan, of which about 200 are well-known poisonous mushrooms, and about 20 are highly addicted or deadly poisonous.


Lignin (wiki)

Generally, I think it can be defined like this. So how do molds and mushrooms grow? From wiki again:

The body (entity) of mushrooms is included in a group of organisms called fungi together with mold. It is a tubular cell line called mycelium, which grows by decomposing and absorbing organic matter with enzymes secreted from the body, producing spores and repeating reproduction.
In the "Encyclopedia of Fungi" of the Japanese Society of Fungi, it is explained that fruiting bodies or basidium fruits are so-called mushrooms, hyphal tissue structures that make sexual reproduction organs, and do not refer to classification groups such as fungi.
In other words, strictly speaking, mushrooms are larger, umbrella-shaped ones. However, it is inaccurate, but it can also refer to the species of the organism that makes it. In other words, by definition, all fruiting bodies are mushrooms, or all organisms that make them are mushrooms. In the latter case, for example, minute punctate objects that are stuck or buried on the surface of dead branches are also regarded as mushrooms. It means that the organisms that are mushrooms look like molds or are yeast-like. There is an example in which the Japanese name is also called "mold" for those having such point-shaped fruiting bodies.


Mushroom life cycle (wiki)

It looks like this. Molds and mushrooms grow by taking digestive enzymes out of the body, dissolving plant-derived organic matter, and using them as their own nutrition. Therefore, molds and mushrooms are extremely important at the level of the whole organism as they decompose those debris for the forest, which would be filled with tree debris if left untouched. In particular, mushrooms that decay trees are called "white-rot fungi" and are the only organisms that can decompose the skeleton substance of trees (a polymer whose main raw material is phenol) called lignin, which even white ants cannot decompose. It then sucks up nutrients from the trees and turns them into nutritious mushrooms that entertain people. In terms of nutritional value, mushrooms are comparable to meat and fish. A few years ago, Russian mathematician Perelman, who was awarded the Fields Medal (Nobel Prize in mathematics) by solving an unsolved mathematical problem (Poincare conjecture), refused to receive the award and searched for mushrooms in the forest. As expected, Russians love mushrooms so much.

A word of the day: When eating mushrooms, if you think they are confusing with poisonous mushrooms, it is wise not to eat them. In general, there is no standard for distinguishing between edible mushrooms and poisonous mushrooms. "You can eat with eggplant" and "you can eat mushrooms that split vertically" are all lies. You have to know the mushrooms one by one. By the way, I have collected wild mushrooms (when I was living in the mountains), but I collected two species of mushrooms that can be identified with certainty. One is Iguchitake, which grows selectively in larch forests. There is a slime like nameko. For soaking. The other is the fox tea plant. It is a white sphere and grows on the roadside. For soup. Kuritake and Agaricus were cultivated by myself. Kuritake is made by driving a columnar top into a Hodagi (Body of Tree for culture) and planting it in the soil, it doesn’t came out from the first year and was not eaten. but I ate it in that year. And it is for three or four years edible, but my family didn't try to eat it, my brother ate it in the fourth year, and my father didn't eat it until the end. I told his dad that he didn't eat it because he was also closely related to the deadly poisonous mushroom called Nigakuritake, so he was shy. I bought Agaricus from a seed company for each cultivation set. It was mentioned that it has an anti-cancer effect.

The key substance, lignin, is contained in the wood pulp that is the raw material for Western paper today, but it turns brown when exposed to the sun. This is inevitable for Western paper with lignin. However, mulberry, mitsumata, ganpi, etc., which are the materials of Japanese paper, are made into paper by peeling the bast fibers from the skin. It is fair because it does not contain lignin, and it becomes whiter as it gets in the sun.

As I read somewhere, in an area that was radioactively contaminated by the Chiernobyl nuclear accident (probably Ukraine), parents said, "We eat mushrooms and feed our children (relatively safe) steaks." That is the practice.
When trees are polluted, mushrooms are polluted too,and it is dangerous to eat mushrooms, but I thought it was different. : "The nutritional value of mushrooms is comparable to that of meat and fish." That is why parents can live on mushrooms.
I also consciously eat mushrooms. The dried shiitake steak is delicious. (It is a shiitake mushroom dried by myself.)

2 mushroom dishes


Shiitake steak soy sauce, tarragon style (2020.09.29)


Nameko and Grated radish with Soy sauce (2020.07.25)

Updated once a week on Wednesday or Thursday.

In Japanese, original



キノコ(茸、菌、蕈、Mushroom)とは、特定の菌類(Fungi)のうちで、比較的大型の(しばしば突起した)子実体(Fruiting body)あるいは、担子器果そのものをいう俗称である。またしばしば、キノコという言葉は特定の菌類の総称として扱われるが、本来は上述の通り構造物であり、菌類の分類のことではない。子実体を作らない菌類はカビである。植物とは明確に異なる。ここでいう「大型」に明確な基準はないが、肉眼で確認できる程度の大きさのものをキノコという場合が多い。食用、精神作用用にもされるが毒性を持つ種もある。語源的には、「木+の+子」と分析できる。 目に見える大きさになる子実体を持つ菌は、担子菌門 Basidiomycotaか子嚢菌門 Ascomycota に属するものが多い。日本では約300種が食用にされ、うち十数種が人為的にキノコ栽培されている。日本では既知の約2500種と2、3倍程度の未知種があるとされ、そのうちよく知られた毒キノコは約200種で、20種ほどは中毒者が多かったり死に至る猛毒がある。






キノコの生活環 (wiki)











タグ  白色腐朽菌  リグニン  食用&毒 森

Making a liqueur: the fun of waiting for its maturity

Making a liqueur: the fun of waiting for its maturity


Meadow Sweet liqueur

It's not so much now, but when I was young, I used to drink like a drunker. I continued to drink while vomiting, saying, "Empty one tequila overnight," and the plan went well, but the next day, I had a terrible hangover. It was stupid when I thought about it. The god of liquor will also get angry.

Well, I've been drinking various types of liquor, but all of them are quite tasty. In that regard, we have tried not to rank liquor or classify it as unusual liquor. But those who took that attitude ... precious liquor, a farmer whom I went to with Chartreuse in France as a souvenir, and a person who only admits the taste of shochu, was called "What's this bad liquor!!" It was. Furthermore, "somewhat better if mixed with shochu". I haven't visited him since that time.

By the way, liquor can be roughly divided into three categories according to the difference in manufacturing method.

1) Brewed liquor: The most primitive liquor that ferments the sugar contained in the raw material by feeding it to yeast. Wine, mead, sake, beer, etc. (The last two include the process of converting starch into sugar.)

2) Distilled liquor: A liquor made by heating brewed liquor to cool and collect the evaporated alcohol.
Brandy, whiskey, tequila, shochu, liquor (Fenchu: Chinese liquor), etc.

3) Mixed liquor: Regardless of whether it is brewed liquor or distilled liquor, it is a liquor that contains animals and plants in the liquor and is expected to have nutritional value and an interesting appearance. liqueur. Chartreuse, plum wine, Campari, Chuueichinnchuu (Chinese liquor), Yomeishu, Tohtohshu, etc.

By the way, in my case, I have used 35 alcohol degree white liquor and made liqueur myself. As an herb lover, I've been pickling most herbs. As a setup, lightly wash the herbs of flowers and leaves, put them in an instant coffee bottle with sugar about 20% of the weight of the herbs (maybe colored), and remove the leaves in about 7 days. .. Also, if it is fruit or root , it is OK to leave it as it is after soaking it.

About 10 years after it is soaked, it matures and may show a surprisingly clear taste. For the past few years, I've been drinking mainly beer, and since I stopped beer for a long time, I made the pickled liqueurs feel lonely. When I drank "Cherry blossom liqueur" for 11 years old, it had a wonderful flavor like brandy!! I thought that liquor was aged and drunk.

If you compare the liqueurs like that, especially the liqueurs made from plants of the Rosaceae family, such as "Meadow Sweet liqueur: This is also a kind of herb", "Cherry Seed liqueur" and "cherry blossom liqueur". It looks like a great result. In fact, the "bokeh liqueur" pickled by a woman I know who lives in Nobeyama, Nagano Prefecture (the difference in age is about the same as parents and children) was also outstanding.

The other liqueur that was particularly good was "turmeric leaf liqueur". This turmeric is used its roots to color curry. The leaves have a pleasant fragrance, and I started pickling them. We continue to make it by planting and digging up every year (to prevent the cold).

I have blended 5 kinds of crude drug liqueur, which are mainly Chinese herbal medicines, so far and named it "Gogyoshu: five elements liqueur". All five types are liqueurs that have been soaked for more than half a year, and they are the cocktail liquors. The names and their mixing ratios are as follows.

Ezoukogi(蝦夷ウコギ) 1, Bakumondou (麦門冬)1/2, (Jikoppi〉地骨皮) 1/2,
Schisandra chinensis(五味子) 1, Epimedium (イカリソウ)1

The amount of liqueur with a strong habit is small (half the amount), and the base of the taste is schisandra with a strong acidity. It was a clever result.


If I put my poem I mentioned earlier here again,

@ Forge liqueur

I look at the occasion
Collecting and cultivating various plants
I've been liqueur

I've been away from alcohol for a while
Pickled 11 years ago (2004),
I drank cherry blossom liqueur

Amber liquor.
――This is delicious!
What a metaphor?

From the beginning of pickling
It had a much richer and deeper taste ...
Time trains liqueur.


The above poem in haiku ...

To the hustle and bustle
Drinking cherry liqueur
It’s mellow one.


A word of the day: News that a person living in a tourist resort has taken the liqueur tax law and urged "discard" about the small act of behaving a liqueur pickled by himself to a customer at a lodge he runs. I've heard that, what happened? I think they are very narrow-minded officials.

Reference past log  
[ iirei.hatenablog.com]

                     (In Japanese)

: Liquor 2 titles ――Mead and Chartreuse ・ The pleasure of drinking


Liqueur book
• Author: Eizo Fukunishi
• Publisher / Manufacturer: Shibata Bookstore
• Release Date: 1997/07
• Media: Books
• Purchase: 1 click: 10 times
• View blogs (6) that include this product

Updated once a week on Wednesday or Thursday.

In Japanese, original















エゾウコギ 1、バクモンドウ 1/2、ジコッピ 1/2、
ゴミシ 1、イカリソウ 1













参考過去ログ iirei.hatenablog.com



• 作者: 福西英三
• 出版社/メーカー: 柴田書店
• 発売日: 1997/07
• メディア: 単行本


タグ   リキュール ホワイトリカー 熟成 バラ科植物 シャルトリューズ

Don't look lightly sanitary engineering! + Sewage treatment technology: Oxidation Ditch

Don't look lightly sanitary engineering! : Water quality purification goods welcomed by amateurs

I am an expert in sanitary engineering. Especially in the field of water, I have been doing research that does not fall behind. I also worked on various water-related technologies. Here, a blog covered some kind of water purification technology. Looking at what kind of thing it is, somehow from the lapilli, "Since the components that rejuvenate the microorganisms flow out, this will rejuvenate the microorganisms, expect water purification, and give back to the earth." That's right? ... I'm scared because this is what amateurs think. If we can purify water with such a small item, we don't need water treatment technology, and you don't need sanitary engineering. The sanitary engineering is explained as follows.

A discipline that applies engineering principles to the prevention of environmental pollution and the conservation of the living environment with the aim of protecting and promoting public health. Since the causes that threaten people's lives and health change with the development of civilization and society, the objects of purpose-oriented sanitary engineering are also purification of air and water from urban water and sewage, noise vibration control, industrial waste control. , Final waste management, radioactive emission management, air conditioning heating and cooling of buildings, control of working environment in factories, planning of local material metabolism facilities, planning and management of air, water and soil environment, location planning, etc. .. The academic fields necessary for this are also (1) physiology, public hygiene, animal and plant ecology, flow science, meteorology, statistics, etc. to set improvement or conservation goals, and (2) civil engineering to take improvement measures. Engineering, chemical engineering, microbial engineering, fluid engineering, thermal engineering, system engineering, etc. (3) Planning mathematics, regional planning, urban planning, economics, etc. for making plans. After World War II, the Department of Sanitary Engineering was established at Hokkaido University and Kyoto University, the Department of Urban Engineering at the University of Tokyo, and the Department of Environmental Engineering at Osaka University. Other universities have related courses in the Faculty of Engineering.



(Note: The etymology of "defend(衛) "is "a soldier who patrols to protect the one in the middle.")

Well, when I chose sanitary engineering as my career path, I didn't really understand the content, but I was depressed at that time and was told that it was a "dirty place" dealing with "shit, pee". While I was depressed, I decided to go to a dirty place and went on to throw it away. In the above explanation, it is said that there are a wide range of applications, but at the time of my time, the main problem was water, and research was concentrated on waterworks, sewers, rivers and lakes.

Regarding sewage treatment, it is difficult to treat sewage by participating in a project (by students) to check the performance of Jun Ui's "oxidation ditch", which is an evolution of the traditional "activated sludge method". As a premise, sewage treatment is said to be "accepting any wastewater, purifying the water quality properly, and is evaluated for the first time". The maintenance of a plant (facility) is a place where water treatment engineers play a serious role. At sewage treatment plants, activated sludge, a group of microorganisms derived from soil, actively "eats" organic matter in sewage and plays a role in water purification, but that alone is enough to purify water. Is on the way. In addition to organic substances, there are substances that require more advanced removal techniques, such as nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). If you try to process it, it will cost a lot.

This is the current state of sewage treatment. What can we say when we look at the goods from that perspective?

What is XXXXX? (Author's note: Hidden words)
A microbial activator made mainly from lapilli.
XXXXX will use the microorganisms on the spot as the source, and Mr. microorganisms that have become the source will decompose the dirt.
Just place XXXXX on the flush tank of the toilet, and the flowing water will rejuvenate the Mr. microorganisms.Every time you flush the water in the toilet, the flow of water from the sewage to the river and the sea becomes beautiful.
You can give back to Mr. Earth just by putting it in your toilet!

(From a certain blog. I have something to think about, so I'll keep it anonymous.)

It's ridiculous and not talkative. The pollutants washed away in the toilet are pee, poop, organic matter, nitrogen and phosphorus lumps. Is it possible to expect some water purification effect from lapilli? Also, it is unclear what kind of microorganisms the person who wrote this blog refers to and says that the water purification effect can be expected. There is a section that somehow thinks that microorganisms = water purification. The nerve that can clearly state such an amateur idea on a blog makes the earth cry.

A word of the day: In the first place, thinking about environmental issues on the premise of using a flush toilet is a . Human humiliation. In the first place, we should think about the waste of energy of diluting the solid substance "Unko :shit" and treating it with water to make the activated sludge solid again. You've never heard of a composting toilet that can compost "shit" and "pee", because this person is an amateur. (Apart from that, I don't have a grudge against this blogger, but I was inspired by so much error that I wrote this blog.)

Currently, there is no "sanitary engineering" or "sanitary course" in the Department of Urban Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo. It seems that it calls itself an "environmental science course". Somehow, it is a name that feels "beauty". I think the original "hygiene" = "protecting life" is a more direct and better name. Well, I think that the people involved in the name change should have thought that it would be better to be neat, and I think that there are many University of Tokyo students who are attracted to the "superficial" coolness. When I was there, most of the students shy away from being dirty because they deal with "shit" and "pee".

Reference HP (actual compost / toilet)


(It seems that you can not connect well from here. You can find it by copying this URL and doing a separate Google search.)

Sewage treatment technology introduced by Jun Ui: Oxidation Ditch

Mr.Jun Ui, who is now dead and was a leader in pollution problems (and one of my teachers: an assistant in the Department of Urban Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tokyo), was a versatile person, but he went to see a sewage worker in Delft, the Netherlands. He visited the treatment plant, became interested in the facility: Oxidation Ditch (translated into Japanese, "Oxidation Groove"), and stayed for several days to observe it. According to the engineer who developed it, "Many Japanese researcher visit this facility, but no one else stays and observes for a long time like you."

Jun Ui understood the principle of this oxidation ditch, and he himself built a sewage treatment plant for individuals and groups that he understood in order to spread this technology to Japan, and conducted demonstration experiments. I have been involved in it for a while.

The basis of sewage treatment technology is the decomposition of "organic matter" in water. Organic matter is a molecule formed by carbon atom (C) as a nucleus, but there are almost infinite types of this molecule. Sugar, soy sauce, gravy, manure ... there is no limit to the number. Anyway, it is a process of sending oxygen (O) in the air into water, reacting it with organic matter, converting it to carbon dioxide (CO2), and returning carbon to the air. It is called aeration or oxidation.

This method, now called the "activated sludge method," introduces healthy microorganisms in the soil into the water and completes the oxidation by the action of these microorganisms. Certainly, organic matter can be decomposed fairly well in this process. However, sewage cannot be completely purified by itself. Pollutants other than carbon include nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). These are difficult things. Even if organic matter is removed and the water looks clean at first glance, if N, P, etc. remain, they will come out into the environment, and algae etc. will propagate using these as minerals, and organic matter will be produced again. The water is polluted and the precious oxidation becomes meaningless.

At this time, the sewage treatment technology shows two directions. One is the "continuous" process and the other is the "batch type" process. The continuous method is the current mainstream sewage treatment method in which sewage flows out of the plant and new sewage always flows into the pond. Therefore, multiple ponds are set up, and one pond "has only one function." On the other hand, the batch type has multiple functions in one pond. It has four functions of "inflow, stirring, precipitation, and outflow". Jun Ui chose this batch type, not to mention the oxidation ditch (oxidation groove).

The process of removing C is called (primary processing), but in the case of a continuous system, the process of removing N and P is processed in the second and third ponds that specialize in N and P. (Secondary and tertiary processing). In particular, in the case of N, activated sludge deprives HNO3 of O from N, which has changed from ammonia (NH3) to nitric acid (HNO3) as a result of treatment and oxidation without adding O, and N becomes N2 in the air. It will come out (denitrification). This is a chemical reaction called reduction, which is the opposite of oxidation. To remove N, it is necessary to repeat these two reactions. However, in the case of the continuous type, since a large amount of O has already been added and aerated, there is a lot of waste in removing it, and oxygen deficiency and oxygen excess are repeated, resulting in a high cost of sewage treatment. It will jump up. Indeed, sewage treatment is a gold eater. Think about it, the power that an air conditioner takes to drive air is enormous, but if it's water, the cost of sewage treatment is even higher.



In the case of the batch type, depending on the operation, all of the first, second and third processes can be performed in one pond. By performing the steps of aeration (stirring) and precipitation, the above-mentioned denitrification controls the oxygen concentration to the limit of oxygen concentration that can be changed into two steps at any time, and the pond is as shallow as a "groove". Aeration can be done with the "eel farming water wheel". Also, because it is shallow, it will not drown even if a child gets stuck. A major feature of the batch system is that the inflowing sewage and the substances and microorganisms contained in it will "always" remain in the pond, although they will gradually dilute. These are favorable features in terms of the stability of the treated water. And here is the advantage over continuous process.

More troublesome than N is P. Basically, the most basic and reliable treatment method for P, which cannot be flown in the air, is to take out a certain amount of activated sludge itself, which contains a large amount of it, from the pond and separate it from the water. Primitive is primitive, but if sludge can be returned to the soil, this is the best. Well, the same is true for C and N. In that sense, neither the continuous type nor the batch type can fully function under the current situation where sewage contains a lot of harmful substances. Things that cannot be returned to the soil.

A word of the day: C, N, P are originally fertilizers for growing plants. If you return the wastewater and manure to the farmland without modern sewage treatment, no problems will occur. In this respect, humanity's thinking is insanely stupid.

Updated once a week on Wednesday or Thursday.

In Japanese, original






























タグ  環境問題 生活様式 語源 肥料 酸化溝

Native American special (2blogs set):"Tecumseh"+"Rum&indians"

Native American special (2blogs set):"Tecumseh"+"Rum&indians"

Indian (Native American), Tecumseh: Its majestic poetry

It is a poetry by Tecumseh that appears at the end of the movie "Navy SEALs".
・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・ ・

Live a life free from the fear of death
Don't undermine people's faith
Ask them to respect people's thoughts and their own thoughts
Love life and be complete
Beautifully color everything
Strive to live long and serve your loved ones
And when that time comes
Don't be trapped in the fear of death
I want more time
Don't be a lamenter who wants to start a different life
Singing hymns
Die as if the hero's return

This passage is quoted from the blog below (↓).

http://ameblo.jp/n-black77/entry-11549052820.html n-Black blog

(I asked an acquaintance to tell me about the existence of this blog and poetry.)

I think it's a poetry that is eloquent without degrading its dignity. In a short poetry, the vision of one life is concentrated. It also has a clear view of life and death. Who can write such a poetry ...?

Below, from Wikipedia

Tecumseh, or Tecumseh (Tecumseh / Tecumtha / Tekamthi, 1768? --October 5, 1813), is a Shawnee warrior or chief of the American Indians, a symbol of the colonial resistance movement against whites.

The American pronunciation of his name is "/ tɛˈkʌmsə /" (Tecumseh), which in Shawnee terms means "shooting star," or "leopard across the sky," or "ambushing leopard."

Tecumseh is called the "chief", but whites still confuse "respected warriors" with "chiefs" (mediators), so what Tecumseh himself calls in Indian society. I don't know if he was a "chief". This is because he was a "great warrior" at the forefront of the battle. Whether he is a "great warrior" or a "chief," he is still not a "tribal leader."

In an Indian society based on a collegial system, there are no absolute powers such as "chiefs" and "commanders." All Indian warriors are free-for-all warriors. It is not a "army corps" in which there is someone "battle commander" and all warriors are commanded under the command system of command hierarchy. The Indian society is a side-by-side society, and there is no culture of "commanding".

"Tecumseh led a large army of Indians" is a white belief and misunderstanding.

The following is also from wikipedia.

The only way to prevent this evil of the white man's aggression is for Indians to unite and claim a common and equal right to the land. Land has never been divided. It belongs to all of us Indians.

No Indian tribe has the right to sell land, even if it is the same tribe. Moreover, it does not say that it has the right to sell to white people who have come in from outside.
These last few lines are from Tecumseh 's speech.

I wrote in the past logs how the Indians were deprived of their land by the whites and cornered, and Tecumseh 's speech was also spectacular in this spotlight.


Rum and Indians (in Japanese)

..., I wrote an Anglo-Saxon barbarism that tricked the Indians into seizing the land. Whites were committing fraudulent acts such as "Indian + rum = zero" and having Indians who drunk and made them get drunk heavily and made write a land transfer letter.

Today's one word: Max Weber, a sociologist famous for "The Protestant Ethics and the Spirit of Capitalism," read the analects (Confucius's words and deeds) and said, "This way of speaking is similar to an Indian chief." ... Well, from the perspective of Europeans, I think there is an uplifting meaning that both are the same, and that it is the freedom of white people to manage and persecute. This is the so-called "Orientalism".

Rum and Indians

When whites from Europe came to North America, their purpose was to secure land as agricultural land. In that case, private ownership of the land is a major premise. Native Americans, or Indians, on the other hand, did not have the concept of private land ownership. This difference in starting point separates the light and dark of the two.

The first British immigrants didn't know how to live in a new environment and the Indians taught them a lot, but the British immigrants didn't thank the Indians and Prayed to Christian god. They thanked him. This is the beginning of Thanksgiving. And they gradually begin to oppress the Indians.


Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), who is famous for lightning kite experiments, stated as follows. "Rum + savage = 0" (American Indian tragedy 91P: Shigeru Fujinaga: Asahi Sensho) What does it mean? Indians didn't know strong liquor, and recommended them to rum with high alcohol content. Then, if he get drunk and write a certificate of transfer of land at that time, the land will fall into the hands of white people without difficulty, because even if he gets drunk and protest, whites will protest because he have signed the certificate. Is a dimension that is invalid. And the above equation is that the Indians are stripped of their clothes and destroyed. There must have been no testimony among the Indians in the first place. Franklin is also a considerable villain.

George Washington (1732-1799), the first president of the United States, also aggressively hunted down Indians. Like Franklin, he wasn't a saint . but went to a slave black woman's hut to have sex and mass-produce his private babies. At that time, he seems to die from the cold he caught. He got what goes around comes around. He made a fortune in tobacco cultivation, where he was committing a black woman who was a causative. It's a story about the Virginia Slim and famous region of tobacco. (American Indian Tragedy 110P)

However, it was too late when the Indians realized the danger of British immigration. In terms of population, British immigrants also outnumbered Indians. There, more and more white people's character of "looting land" is fully demonstrated. On the Indian side, many rebellious heroes appeared, but they were all overwhelmed and the Indian decline was decided. Not a few cases have had a disastrous end due to betrayal of relatives. The hero's Bleached neck has long been exposed. King Philip, Tecumseh, Sequoia, John Ross, to name a few. Among them, Sequoia was so intelligent that he developed his own characters based on the alphabet and increased the literacy rate of Cherokee Indians.

It goes without saying that the above experience of looting was also utilized in the rule of the Philippines, which was taken from Spain. After the Pacific War, the United States condemned the atrocities that Japanese troops allegedly Overrun in the Philippines, but according to Masayuki Takayama, the atrocities that the United States Overrun in the Philippines are Incomparably terrible.

A word of the day: The story of an Indian woman who married a white leader man called "Pocahontas" in the Disney movie is half-lie. It seems that the woman of that name married a white man, but it seems that she is just one of the inhabitants. This fiction gave whites an excuse to justify the act. (In fact, it had the effect of hiding.)


Native American tragedy
(Asahi Selection 21) Book – 1974/1/1

Updated once a week on Wednesday or Thursday.

In Japanese, original


映画『ネイビーシールズ』 の終盤に出てくるテクムセ(ティカムサ)の詩です

http://ameblo.jp/n-black77/entry-11549052820.html n-Blackのブログ



以下、wikipedia より

テカムセ、またはテカムシ(Tecumseh / Tecumtha / Tekamthi, 1768年? - 1813年10月5日)は、アメリカインディアンのショーニー族の戦士、または酋長で、白人への植民地抵抗運動のシンボル的人物。





白人たち(the white man)による侵略というこの悪を阻止する、唯一無二の方法は、インディアンが一致団結して、土地に対する共通の、しかも平等な権利を主張することしかない。土地というものは、かつて分割されたことなどなかったのだ。それは我々インディアンたち全員のものだ。



http://d.hatena.ne.jp/iirei/20061227#1335977029 ラム酒とインディアン







  God, Thank You for giving. 神よ、恵みに感謝します。
 We taught it.  俺たちが教えたのに・・・






(朝日選書 21) 単行本 – 1974/1/1


タグ  ネイティブ・アメリカン 感謝祭 アングロサクソン 迫害  ティカムセ

"Birth of Pests-Japanese History from the Viewpoint of Insects" (Book Review)

"Birth of Pests-Japanese History from the Viewpoint of Insects" (Book Review)

This book (Chikuma Shinsho) is not a book that actually describes common insect pest control. Is it the history of negotiations between human culture and insects? The author is Akihisa Setoguchi, who has a background of graduating from the Faculty of Science and Biology of Kyoto University and then the Faculty of Letters and History of Science and Philosophy of the same university. Associate Professor of Science. The introduction introduces an approach to various problems that arise at the interface between life science and society from both the history of science and technology and the history of the environment.

Chapters 1 and 2 of this book discuss the story of pests(=insect pests) related to agriculture. Even before the early modern period, farmers thought that the rice pest, Nikameiga(二化螟蛾) was "naturally occurring" and was a "penalty" for their poor attitude. There, magical "insect feeding" and " prayer" were openly made. However, when Western pest control methods (applied entomology) are proposed one after another in Europe and the United States, the Meiji government actively introduced them.

The government office in charge was the Agriculture Bureau of the Ministry of Interior, which was just established in 1877 (Meiji 10). However, Yasushi Nawa, a private sector, is famous as an entomologist who still has a name, and he runs a research institute with the assistance of the government and conducts educational activities for government officials and police officers. In other words, it is a "study session on pest control". ... Why a police officer? ... This was aimed at cracking down on the spot that farmers were doing "wrong control methods" and converting them to "correct control methods." It seems that the word "saber agricultural policy" was overwhelmed by the population for a while. On the other hand, farmers who have a long-standing view of pests cause riots here and there. However, Mr. Nawa is a flexible person, and he seems to have taken an attitude that he does not deny the act of a farmer who does magic.

Following this process, a new view of pests spread.

Chapter 3 is about "sanitary pests" that transmit infectious diseases such as mosquitoes and flies. Of these, for mosquitoes, the distribution area of Anopheles mosquito and the distribution area of malaria overlap, so in 1889 Ronald Ross elucidated the transmission mechanism of malaria and received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1902. There are so many mosquito-borne diseases that they are probably representative of sanitary pests. However, it is expected that the actual attempt to eradicate this mosquito will be futile.


The Cockroach Gentleman (drawn by my younger brother)

On the other hand, regarding flies, Mr. Setoguchi seems to be "advocating" in a sense. The fact that flies were sanitary pests seems to be apparent through the transmission of cholera, but from other perspectives, they are not as enemies as mosquitoes. However, in the "Hygiene Exhibition" that was often held before the war, the exhibition that aimed at the flies was conspicuous. At the same time, "Catch flies Day" will be held. It's like giving a prize to a lot of things you capture. However, at the two farms I had been to, they didn't care about the flies, and They were careless about the flies flying around and sticking to each other.

Then, along with the act of excluding and isolating cholera patients, a "beautiful" city without flies is advocated, and people who live in filthy slums where cholera occurs are expelled and selfish to create that "beautiful" city. It is important that the government took such actions. It seems that Torahiko Terada wrote in "Free Manuscript". Humans should coexist with flies. The fly seems to have become a "pest" because humans have made it a "pest". Cockroaches are also same case, and when cockroaches lived outdoors, they were also called "chafers".

Chapter 4 is about "insects" and "war". Regarding agriculture, there are attempts to increase food production, such as introducing natural enemies against pests and installing insect traps (Toshiba will cooperate technically after the war for practical use).

And, from now on, "Chloropicrin", which was a by-product of World War I, was originally a poisonous gas, but it was "peacefully used" as a soil fumigant. Such "poisonous gas" ⇔ When the route of "pesticides" is discovered, humans will take the same actions as if panic. And Nazi Germany has developed "organophosphorus pesticides" and "poisonous gas" represented by "sarin". On the other hand, the United States also developed a powerful herbicide such as the organochlorine compound "2,4-D" and later used it as a "defoliant" in the Vietnam War. Dioxin is also included in this drug, and many malformed children like Viet and Duc were born in Vietnam.

One point is that Japan was inferior to the United States. That is, the United States had DDT for mosquito control, while Japan did not. If so, numerous soldiers would not have died of malaria. (However, this DDT is also highly toxic to the human body, so it is not currently used ← It may be used in developing countries)

Also, during the war, the people of the other country (that is, the people of the Axis powers such as the Japanese people) were called "poisonous insects" in the United States. There was an inhuman act that if it was a bug, it could be twisted and crushed. That consciousness leads to the atomic bomb ...? In the case of Japan, it seems that "insect battles" were being held because of social satire, and it seems that there was no talk of eradicating "insects".

I quote the following passage as a conclusion.

Many modern pest control technologies, including "ecological" ones, are the product of industrialized agriculture. "Technology" is not just a tool, but a social dimension is embedded in the technology itself. Therefore, when discussing "desirable technology for nature," it is necessary to consider not only "technology" but also social dimensions such as agriculture.

Thinking about "desirable nature" and "desirable technology for nature" in this way means thinking about our society.

A word of the day: Mr. Setoguchi wrote that he would take a neutral position on the types of chemical and biological weapons and pesticides used in the war, but of companies like Monsanto that is "outrageous". Do you forgive the company? I doubt that. I am convinced that "neutral science is impossible".

In addition, I am concerned about a disease with a fatality rate of over 40%, which is mediated by ticks called SFTS (Severe Fever Thrombocytopenia Syndrome), which has recently become a hot topic. This case is also an example of how to deal with insects. You must wear heavy clothing when gardening or walking your dog in the summer.


Birth of pests-Japanese history from the perspective of insects (Chikuma Shinsho)
• Author: Akihisa Setoguchi
• Publisher / Manufacturer: Chikuma Shobo
• Release Date: 2009/07
• Media: New book

Updated once a week on Wednesday or Thursday.

In Japanese, original





















害虫の誕生―虫からみた日本史 (ちくま新書)
• 作者: 瀬戸口明久
• 出版社/メーカー: 筑摩書房
• 発売日: 2009/07
• メディア: 新書


タグ  害虫 警察 衛生展覧会 DDT